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Selective inhibitory effects of mollugin on CYP1A2 in human liver microsomes.

Food Chem Toxicol. 2012 Sep 18;

Authors: Kim H, Choi HK, Jeong TC, Jahng Y, Kim DH, Lee SH, Lee S


Mollugin originally isolated from Rubia cordifolia is a pharmacological compound for its anti-inflammation, anti-cancer, and anti-viral activity. In the present study, a cocktail probe assay was performed for determination of the selective inhibitory effect of mollugin on cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes in human liver microsomes (HLM). Incubation of isoform-specific substrate probes CYPs with mollugin (0-25 μM) in HLM resulted in strong inhibition of CYP1A2-catalyzed phenacetin O-deethylation, showing IC(50) values of 1.03 μM and 3.55 μM without and with pre-incubation, respectively. Mollugin-caused inhibition of phenacetin O-deethylation was concentration-dependent in HLMs, but not time-dependent. In addition, the Lineweaver-Burk plot indicated a typical competitive inhibition. Inhibitory effects of mollugin on human recombinant cDNA-expressed CYP 1A1 and 1A2 were comparable. Taken together, the results suggested that mollugin might cause herb-drug interaction through selective inhibition of CYP1A2 in humans receiving herbal medications, including Rubia cordifolia.

PMID: 23000442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]