p450 - publications
Role of CYP1A2 polymorphisms on lung cancer risk in a prospective study.
Cancer Genet. 2012 Jun;205(6):278-84
Authors: Pavanello S, Fedeli U, Mastrangelo G, Rota F, Overvad K, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Tjønneland A, Vogel U
Cytochrome P4501A2 (CYP1A2) is a key enzyme for lung carcinogen activation and lung inflammation. We studied the interactions of the CYP1A2 functional variants -3860G/A(rs2069514),-2467T/delT(rs3569413),-163C/A(rs762551)] with occupational/environmental carcinogenic exposures in the development of lung cancer in a case-control study nested in the Danish prospective cohort "Diet, Cancer and Health." At enrollment (1993-1997), blood samples for genotype analyses and information on lifestyle were collected 5 (mean value) years before the onset of the disease. The study population included 425 lung cancer cases and 786 subcohort members, who were gender- and age-matched. We found that -163A carriers were at increased risk of lung cancer (P=0.035) in a multivariate COX regression model, which was adjusted for personal habits (i.e., cumulative smoking, passive smoke at home, alcohol intake, and fruit intake) and occupational exposure. Additionally, the interaction between -2467delT and smoking increases lung cancer risk in males, especially light smokers (<21.5 pack-years, P=0.004). The increased lung cancer risk found in -163C carriers, independent of smoking status, and in -2467delT male smokers, suggests that these variants could influence lung cancer development through different mechanisms (i.e. lung carcinogen activation and lung inflammation).
PMID: 22749033 [PubMed - in process]