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Personalized antiplatelet therapy according to CYP2C19 genotype after percutaneous coronary intervention: A randomized control trial.

Int J Cardiol. 2013 Jul 11;

Authors: Xie X, Ma YT, Yang YN, Li XM, Zheng YY, Ma X, Fu ZY, Ba Bayinsilema, Li Y, Yu ZX, Chen Y, Chen BD, Liu F, Huang Y, Liu C, Baituola G


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to compare personalized antiplatelet therapy according to CYP2C19 phenotype with conventional antiplatelet therapy in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

METHODS: A total of 600 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing PCI randomly received a personalized antiplatelet therapy (group A; n=301) or conventional antiplatelet treatment (group B; n=299). For group A, antiplatelet therapy was performed according to CYP2C19 phenotype. For group B, the patients received conventional antiplatelet treatment without detected CYP2C19 genotype. The primary end point was compared between these two groups. This study is registered with the Chinese Clinical Trial Registry (ChiCTR-TRC-11001807).

RESULTS: The primary end point occurred in 27 patients assigned to conventional treatment as compared with 8 patients assigned to personalized therapy (cumulative event rate, 9.03% vs. 2.66%; P<0.01). The composite rate of death, myocardial infarction, or stroke at 180days occurred in 3 and 18 patients in the two groups, respectively (cumulative event rate, 1.0% and 6.2%, P<0.01). The cumulative 180-day incidence of ST was significantly lower in group A than in group B (0.66% vs. 3.01%, P=0.032). The 180-day incidence of MI (0.33% vs. 3.01%, P=0.011) and death (0.33% vs. 2.34%, P=0.011) was fewer than that in control, respectively. We did not find the significant difference in bleeding events between the 2 groups.

CONCLUSION: Personalized antiplatelet therapy according to CYP2C19 genotype after PCI can significantly decrease the incidence of major adverse cardiovascular events and the risk of 180-day ST in Chinese population.

PMID: 23850318 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]