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Meta-analysis of CYP2D6 Metabolizer Phenotype and Metoprolol Pharmacokinetics.

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2013 May 9;

Authors: Blake CM, Kharasch ED, Schwab M, Nagele P


Metoprolol, a commonly prescribed beta-blocker, is primarily metabolized by cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6), an enzyme with substantial genetic heterogeneity. Several smaller studies have shown that metoprolol pharmacokinetics is influenced by CYP2D6 genotype and metabolizer phenotype. To increase robustness of metoprolol pharmacokinetic estimates, a systematic review and meta-analysis of pharmacokinetic studies that administered a single oral dose of immediate release metoprolol was performed. Pooled analysis (n= 264) demonstrated differences in peak plasma metoprolol concentration, area under the concentration-time curve, elimination half-life, and apparent oral clearance that were 2.3-, 4.9-, 2.3-, and 5.9-fold between extensive and poor metabolizers, respectively, and 5.3-, 13-, 2.6-, and 15-fold between ultra-rapid and poor metabolizers (all p<0.001). Enantiomer-specific analysis revealed genotype-dependent enantio-selective metabolism, with nearly 40% greater R- vs S-metoprolol metabolism in ultra-rapid and extensive metabolizers. This study demonstrates a marked effect of CYP2D6 metabolizer phenotype on metoprolol pharmacokinetics and confirms enantiomer specific metabolism of metoprolol.Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2013); accepted article preview online 9 May 2013; doi:10.1038/clpt.2013.96.

PMID: 23665868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]