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Influence of Environmental and Genetic Factors on CYP1A2 Activity in Individuals of South Asian and European Ancestry.

Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2012 Sep 5;

Authors: Perera V, Gross AS, McLachlan AJ


The drug-metabolizing enzyme CYP1A2 contributes to the metabolism of a number of commonly used medicines and displays wide interindividual variability. The aim of this study was to investigate CYP1A2 activity in a population of South Asian ancestry and compare it with a population of European ancestry. CYP1A2 activity was determined using the 4 h paraxanthine/caffeine saliva concentration ratio following a 100-mg oral dose of caffeine in healthy individuals of South Asian (n = 166) and European (n = 166) ancestry. Participants were surveyed for extrinsic ethnic factors and genotyped for polymorphisms in CYP1A2 and related genes. Significantly lower CYP1A2 activity was observed in South Asian participants (median: 0.42; range: 0.10-1.06) as compared with European participants (0.54; 0.12-1.64) (P < 0.01). Multiple linear regression indicated that 41% of the variability in CYP1A2 activity could be explained by the diet, lifestyle, and genetic factors studied.Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics (2012); advance online publication 5 September 2012. doi:10.1038/clpt.2012.139.

PMID: 22948892 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]