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Establishment of MDCKII Cell Monolayer with Metabolic Activity by CYP3A4 Transduced with Recombinant Adenovirus.

Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2012 Aug 14;

Authors: Kataoka M, Terashima Y, Mizuno K, Masaoka Y, Sakuma S, Yokoi T, Yamashita S


This study aims to establish an in vitro system that can assess intestinal first-pass metabolism of CYP3A4 substrate drugs using adenoviral transduction. Madin-Darby canine kidney II (MDCKII) cells were used as a model of intestinal epithelial cells. Recombinant adenovirus expressing green fluorescent protein (AdGFP) and CYP3A4 (AdCYP3A4) was used as vectors. On day 2 after seeding MDCKII cells onto semipermeable membrane, cells were infected with each adenovirus vector at various MOIs (multiplicities of infection) ranging from 0 to 200. On day 5, cell monolayers were used for drug transport study. The expression of GFP in monolayers of MDCKII cells transduced with AdGFP increased MOI-dependently and adenoviral infection showed no effect on the membrane permeability of drugs. The metabolite formation rate of midazolam, a CYP3A4 substrate, in the permeation process of a monolayer linearly increased with an increase in the MOI of AdCYP3A4. When the period that vectors and cells were located adjacent to each other was prolonged, the rate increased 2-fold compared with that calculated from a result with a monolayer obtained from a shorter period of adjacency. This study indicates that monolayers of MDCKII cells transduced with AdCYP3A4 have the potential to enable estimation of the first-pass metabolism by CYP3A4 in the intestinal absorption process.

PMID: 22892444 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]