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Establishment of a CYP2C19 Genotyping Assay for Clinical Use.


Am J Clin Pathol. 2013 Feb;139(2):202-7


Authors: Cervinski MA, Schwab MC, Lefferts JA, Lewis LD, Lebel KA, Tyropolis AM, Pflueger SM, Tsongalis GJ


Abstract

Conversion of clopidogrel (Plavix) to its active metabolite is catalyzed largely by the P450 enzyme 2C19 (CYP2C19). Numerous allelic variants of CYP2C19 exist. The *1 allele is considered wild type, whereas the *2 and *3 alleles have no in vivo enzymatic activity. Conversely, the *17 allele has increased expression, resulting in increased clopidogrel activation. Poor metabolizers (*2/*2 and *2/*3 genotypes) experience higher rates of therapeutic failure. For this reason, we have validated a CYP2C19 genotyping assay for the *1, *2, *3, and *17 alleles. Genomic DNA extracted from 30 deidentified EDTA whole-blood samples from patients was analyzed at 2 independent facilities using specific TaqMan realtime polymerase chain reaction primers and probes. Concordant genotypes were generated on all samples tested. Of the 30 samples, 15 were CYP2C19*1/*1, 8 were CYP2C19*1/*17, 5 were CYP2C19*1/*2, and 2 were CYP2C19*2/*17. There were no CYP2C19*3 alleles or *2/*2 homozygous genotypes detected. This CYP2C19 genotyping assay is appropriate for clinical testing, demonstrating excellent interlaboratory concordance, enabling the selection of the most effective clopidogrel treatment regimen for patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

PMID: 23355205 [PubMed - in process]