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Effects of CYP2D6*10, CYP3A5*3, CYP1A2*1F, and ABCB1 C3435T polymorphisms on the pharmacokinetics of flecainide in healthy Chinese subjects.

Drug Metabol Drug Interact. 2012;27(1):33-9

Authors: Hu M, Yang YL, Fok BS, Chan SW, Chu TT, Poon EW, Yin OQ, Lee VH, Tomlinson B


Abstract Background: Although flecainide is thought to be meta-bolized predominantly by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2D6, it shows pharmacokinetic interactions with drugs, such as verapamil and digoxin, which may suggest other CYP pathways or ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters might be involved. This study evaluated effects of common polymorphisms in Chinese in CYP2D6, CYP3A5, CYP1A2, and ABCB1 on flecainide pharmacokinetics. Methods: Single oral 100-mg doses of flecainide were given to 15 healthy male Chinese subjects who were genotyped for the CYP2D6*2, *5, *10, CYP3A5*3, CYP1A2*1F and ABCB1 C1236T, G2677T/A, and C3435T polymorphisms. Results: There was no significant difference in the pharmacokinetics of flecainide among CYP2D6 (mainly involving *10) genotypes. The CYP3A5*3/*3 subjects (n=8) had a 26% higher systemic exposure (AUC0-∞) and 17% lower apparent oral clearance of flecainide than the combined group of CYP3A5*1/*1 (n=6) and CYP3A5*1/*3 (n=1) subjects (p<0.05). Subjects homozygous for CYP1A2*1F tended to have lower systemic exposure and increased clearance of flecainide compared to those with CYP1A2*1A/1F in subjects with at least one CYP2D6 variant allele. Conclusions: The disposition of flecainide appeared to be influenced by the CYP3A5*3 and possibly the CYP1A2*1F polymorphisms, particularly in subjects with CYP2D6 variant alleles.

PMID: 22718623 [PubMed - in process]