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Effect of CYP2C9 and SLCO1B1 polymorphisms on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nateglinide in healthy Chinese male volunteers.

Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 2012 Jul 28;

Authors: Cheng Y, Wang G, Zhang W, Fan L, Chen Y, Zhou HH


PURPOSE: Nateglinide is commonly used in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our objective was to assess the association between CYP2C9 and SLCO1B1 polymorphisms and the metabolism of nateglinide in healthy Chinese male volunteers. METHODS: A total of 35 healthy Chinese male volunteers with different CYP2C9 and SLCO1B1 genotypes were given a single oral dose of 120 mg nateglinide. Plasma concentrations of nateglinide and blood glucose level were measured up to 8 h. RESULTS: In subjects with the CYP2C9*1/*3 & 521TT, CYP2C9*1/*1 & 521TC/CC and CYP2C9*1/*3 & 521TC genotype, AUC(0-∞) of nateglinide was 56 %, 34 % and 56 % higher (P = 0.002, P = 0.041 and P = 0.013, respectively), and the CL/F of nateglinide was 35 %, 11 % and 36 % lower (P = 0.000, P = 0.003 and P = 0.002, respectively) than that in the reference group. When only considering 521 T>C polymorphism, it had no significant association with the pharmacokinetics of nateglinide. CYP2C9*3 and 521 T>C polymorphisms were the significant predictors of the AUC(0-∞) and CL/F of nateglinide (adjusted multiple R ( 2 ) = 34 % and 43 %, respectively) according to multiple linear regression analyses, but they have no significant association with changes in the blood glucose-lowering effect of nateglinide. CONCLUSIONS: Both SLCO1B1 521 T>C and the CYP2C9*3 polymorphisms can significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of nateglinide, but they could only partially explain the interindividual variability of plasma concentration of nateglinide. Moreover, 521 T>C and the CYP2C9*3 polymorphisms have no effect on pharmacodynamics of nateglinide in healthy Chinese male subjects.

PMID: 22842957 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]