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Comparison of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5: the effects of cytochrome b5 and NADPH-cytochrome P450 reductase on testosterone hydroxylation activities.

Drug Metab Pharmacokinet. 2012 Jun 12;

Authors: Lee SJ, Goldstein JA


CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 require cytochrome b5 (b5) and NADPH-cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase (CPR) for optimum metabolism, but little is known about the specific requirements for b5 and CPR to produce optimal activities for these enzymes. The metabolism of testosterone (TT) by CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 were analyzed by various combinations of b5 and CPR using a fixed amount of recombinant P450 which had been purified from an E. coli expression system. CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 required 4 and 8-fold more of CPR than of the P450s, respectively, for optimal activity. The requirement of b5 for optimal activity showed the same pattern for both CYP3A4 and CYP3A5, exhibiting a gradual stimulation of the activity reaching a maximum at 16 fold more b5 than P450. Although CYP3A4 exhibited higher activities than the CYP3A5 in all combinations, both enzymes exhibited the same dependency profile for b5 and CPR. Therefore, the stronger activity of CYP3A4 compared to CYP3A5 appears to be intrinsic to the CYP3A4 protein itself and not to different requirements for b5 and CPR. Since the relative amounts of b5 and CPR are important in the maintenance of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 activities, different levels of these proteins in vitro and in vivo may cause altered metabolism of their substrates or misinterpretation of enzyme properties.

PMID: 22785258 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]