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Biological interactions of CYP2C19 genotypes with CYP3A4*18, CYP3A5*3, and MDR1-3435 in living donor liver transplantation recipients.

Transplant Res. 2013 Apr 23;2(1):6

Authors: Chiu KW, Hu TH, Nakano T, Chen KD, Lai CY, Hsu LW, Tseng HP, Chiu HC, Cheng YF, Goto S, Chen CL


BACKGROUND: Polymorphisms in CYP2C19 are related to the metabolic oxidation of drugs to varying degrees. The CYP3A4*18, CYP3A5*3, and MDR1-3435 variant alleles are very important, particularly in tacrolimus metabolism in organ transplant rejection.Aim: The aim of this study is o explore possible interactions among different CYP2C19 genotypes, namely, between homozygous extensive metabolizers (HomEM), heterozygous extensive metabolizers (HetEM), and poor metabolizers (PM), and the CYP3A4*18, CYP3A5*3, and MDR1-3435 variants in living donors and patients who received a living donor liver transplant (LDLT). METHODS: This prospective study enrolled 133 living donors and 133 corresponding recipients. On the basis of the HomEM, HetEM, and PM CYP2C19 genotypes, the distributions of CYP3A4*18 (exon 10; T878C), CYP3A5*3 (intron 3; A6986G), and MDR1-3435 (exon 26; C3435T) genotypes were analyzed for single nucleotide polymorphisms among donors and recipients. RESULTS: Among 102 HomEM genotypes, including 56 donors and 46 recipients, 91.2% of individuals harbored the T/T genotype of CYP3A4*18; 53.9% possessed G/G, and 34.3% had A/G genotypes of CYP3A5*3; and 38.2% had C/C and 50.0% had C/T genotypes at MDR1-3435. Among 130 HetEM genotypes, including 58 donors and 72 recipients, 97.7% of individuals possessed T/T genotype at CYP3A4*18; 50.0% harbored G/G and 41.5% had A/G genotypes at CYP3A5*3; and 40.0% had C/C and 49.2% had C/T genotypes at MDR1-3435. In 34 PMs, including 19 donors and 15 recipients, 88.2% had T/T genotypes at CYP3A4*18; 41.2% had G/G and 58.8% had A/G genotypes at CYP3A5*3; and 47.1% possessed C/C and 47.1% had C/T genotypes at MDR1-3435. On the basis of the CYP2C19 genotypes, no statistically significant distribution of genotypes were observed between donors and recipients for all genotypes of CYP3A4*18, CYP3A5*3, and MDR1-3435 (P >0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the CYP2C19 genotypes do not affect the expression of CYP3A4*18, CYP3A5*3, or MDR1-3435 variants, which are independently distributed among donors and recipients during LDLT.

PMID: 23617933 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]